How To Make A Stone Axe

By | May 28, 2023
Sensible Survival Make a Hafted Stone Axe

In the past, when humans first settled down in a place and domesticated animals and plants, they had to find a way to cut down trees to make shelters and clear land for planting. Making stone axes was one of the ways that early humans were able to do this. Stone axes are still used today by some cultures and can be made with a few simple tools and pieces of stone. Here is a quick guide to making a stone axe.

Step 1: Gather Materials

The first step in making a stone axe is to gather the necessary materials. You will need a piece of stone, a hammerstone, and a piece of wood for the handle. The stone should be a hard, dense stone that is suitable for making an axe head. Granite, basalt, and flint are all good choices. The hammerstone should be slightly softer than the stone you are using to make the axe head, such as sandstone or limestone. The handle should be a hardwood such as oak, hickory, or maple.

Step 2: Shape the Stone

Once you have the materials, you can begin to shape the stone. Start by using the hammerstone to chip away at the stone until it is roughly the shape of an axe head. This can take some time, so be patient. You may want to use a grinding stone to smooth out the edges and create a sharper edge for the axe head.

Step 3: Make the Handle

Next, you will need to make the handle for the axe. Start by finding a straight piece of wood that is about two feet long and two inches in diameter. Cut the wood to the desired length, then shave it down to a more slender shape. Finally, drill a hole in the center of the handle and carve out a notch in the bottom end so that it can fit into the head of the axe.

Step 4: Fit the Head to the Handle

Now that you have the head and handle of the axe, it’s time to fit them together. Place the axe head on the handle and use a hardwood wedge to secure it in place. You may also want to use some cord or sinew to hold the head in place.

Step 5: Sharpen the Axe

The last step is to sharpen the axe. You can do this by using a file or a sharpening stone. Move the stone or file across the edge of the axe in a smooth, even motion until you achieve the desired sharpness. Be sure to keep the axe clean and dry to prevent rust.


Making a stone axe can be a fun and rewarding experience. It is also a great way to learn more about the history of our ancestors and how they used tools to make their lives easier. With a few simple tools and a little patience, you can make a stone axe that will last for generations.