Freestyle stroke is a swimming technique used in competitive swimming and open water swimming. It is sometimes referred to as the front crawl or American crawl. It involves alternating arms, with the right and left arm alternating in a flutter kick. The swimmer uses the arms for propulsion, while the legs remain relatively still. Freestyle stroke is a great way to increase speed and endurance, and it is the most common stroke used in competitive swimming.
In order to do freestyle stroke correctly, the swimmer must first understand the basic technique. The swimmer must keep their head down and facing forward, with the eyes looking straight ahead. The arms should move in a circular motion from the shoulders down, with the elbows kept close to the body. The arms should reach forward and pull back in a single motion. The hands should enter the water just beyond the shoulder line, with the palms facing down.
The legs should be kept straight and close together, with the feet kicking in a flutter kick. The legs should move in a circular motion, with the knees bent and the toes pointed. The correct body position should be maintained throughout the stroke, with the arms and legs moving in a synchronized motion.
In freestyle stroke, breathing is a critical component. The swimmer should take a breath on every other stroke, with the head turning to the side to take a breath. The timing of the breathing is important, as it should be done simultaneously with the arm stroke. Taking a breath too early or too late can disrupt the swimmer’s rhythm and slow them down.
In addition to the proper timing of the breath, the swimmer should also be mindful of breathing out underwater. This will help to reduce drag and increase the efficiency of the stroke. It is important to practice this technique in order to become comfortable with it.
Drills and Practice
In order to do freestyle stroke correctly, it is important to practice and do drills. Drills can help the swimmer to focus on particular aspects of the stroke and make corrections as needed. Some common drills include the pull drill, the scull drill, and the kick drill. The pull drill focuses on the arms, while the scull drill focuses on the body position. The kick drill focuses on the leg kick and helps the swimmer to develop the correct technique.
In addition to drills, practice is also important. This is especially true for beginner swimmers. Swimmers should practice freestyle stroke in the pool as often as possible, and they should also do open water swims to get used to the different environment. This will help the swimmer to get a feel for the stroke and become comfortable with it.
Equipment and Clothing
When swimming freestyle stroke, the right equipment and clothing can make a big difference. The swimmer should use a swimsuit that fits properly and is comfortable. They should also use a swim cap and goggles to protect the eyes from the chlorine in the pool. The swimmer should also use a swim snorkel, which can help to keep the head in the correct position and reduce drag. Finally, the swimmer should also use swim fins, which can help to increase speed and reduce fatigue.
Freestyle stroke is a great way to increase speed and endurance in the pool. It is the most popular stroke used in competitive swimming and open water swimming. In order to do freestyle stroke correctly, the swimmer must understand the basics and practice and do drills. The swimmer should also use the right equipment and clothing, as this can make a big difference. With practice, the swimmer will become comfortable with the technique and be able to swim faster and more efficiently.